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Theology: Similarities in Monotheistic Religions
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Similarities: Monotheistic Religions
Islam / Christianity / Judaism
Courtesy: crescentlife.com

The Fâtiha (The Opening)

The Qur'an 1:1-7

The Lord's Prayer

Matthew 6:9-13


Adoration
Praise be to God, Lord of the Worlds, the Compassionate, the Merciful. King of the Day of Reckoning.

Adoration
Our Father who art in heaven,
Hallowed be thy name.


Submission
Thee only do we worship and of Thee only do we ask aid.

Submission
Thy Kingdom come.
Thy Will be done on earth as it is in heaven.


Supplication
Guide us unto the right path - the path of those to whom Thou hast been gracious,
not the path of those who are the objects of Thy wrath,
nor of those who have gone astray.
Amen

Supplication
Give us this day our daily bread.
And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil.
For Thine is the Kingdom,
The Power and the Glory.
For ever and ever. Amen

The Bible & Qurân on The 10 Commandments

Quran Bible
Qur'an 17:23
Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him . . .
Qur'an 2:163; 2:255; 3:2; 3:6; 3:18; 3:62; 4:87; 5:73; 6:102; 6:106; 7:59; 7:65; 7:73; 7:85; 7:158; 9:31; 9:129; 10;90; 11:14; 11:40; 11:61; 11:84; 13:30; 16:02; 18:110; 20:8: 20:14; 20:98; 21:25; 21:87; 23:23; 23:32; 23:116; 27:26; 28:38; 28:70; 28:88; 35:3; 37:035; 38:65; 39:6; 40:3; 40:62; 40:65; 44:8; 47:19; 64:13; 73:9 La ilaha il Allâh: there is none worthy of worship but God
(1st pillar of Islam... witnessing Unity)

Exodus 20:3
You shall have no other gods before Me
Qur'an 22:12
They call on such deities, besides Allah, as can neither hurt nor profit them: that is straying far indeed (from the Way)! Exodus 20:4
You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth.
Qur'an 7:180
And Allah's are the best names, therefore call on Him thereby, and leave alone those who violate the sanctity of His names; they shall be requited for what they did. Exodus 20:7
You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.
Qur'an 17:23
Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honor. Exodus 20:12
Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land which the Lord your God gave you.
Qur'an 17:33
Nor take life which Allah has made sacred . . . Exodus 20:13
You shall not kill
Qur'an 17:32
Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils). Exodus 20:14
You shall not commit adultery
Qur'an 2:188
And do not eat up unjustly the property of each other among yourselves nor convey their cases to the authorities for devouring unlawfully some portion of the property of the people knowingly. Exodus 20:15
You shall not steal.
Qur'an 2:42
And cover not truth with falsehood, nor conceal the Truth when ye know (what it is). Qur'an 4.135
"O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do."

Exodus 20:16
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
Qur'an 4:32
And in no wise covet those things in which Allah Hath bestowed His gifts more freely on some of you than on others . . . Exodus 20:17
You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife or his male servant or
his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.
Quran 62:9
When the call for the Friday Prayer is made, hasten to the remembrance of
God and leave off your business. Thou shall keep the Sabbath holy

Commandments in Islam
Quran 17:23-39

(i) Thy Lord hath decreed, that you worship none save Him.
(ii) And that (you show) kindness to parents. If one of them or both of them were to attain old age with thee, say not 'Fie' unto them nor repulse them, but speak unto them a gracious word. And lower unto them the wing of tenderness through mercy, and say: My Lord! Have mercy on them both, as they did care for me when I was little. Your Lord is best aware of what is in your minds. If ye are righteous, then lo! He is ever Forgiving unto those who turn (unto Him) in repentance.
(iii) Give the kinsman his due, and the poor, and the wayfarer, and squander not (thy wealth) in wantonness. Lo! the squanderers are ever brothers of the devils, and the Devil was an ingrate to his Lord. But if thou hast to turn away from them, waiting mercy from thy Lord, for which thou hopest, then speak unto them a convenient word.
(iv) And let not thy hand be chained to thy neck nor open it with a complete opening, lest thou sit down rebuked, denuded. Lo! thy Lord enlargeth the provision for whom He will, and straineth (it from whom He will). Lo! He is ever Knower, Seer of His slaves.
(v) Slay not your children, fearing a fall to penury; we shall provide for them and for you. Lo! the slaying of them is a great sin.
(vi) And come not near unto fornication. Lo! it is an abomination and an evil way.
(vii) And slay not the life which God hath forbidden save with right. Whoso is slain wrongfully, we have given power unto his rightful representative, but let him not commit excess in slaying. Lo! he will be helped.
(viii) Come not near the property of the orphan save with that which is better till he come to strength;
(ix) And keep the covenant. Lo! of the covenant it will be asked.
(x) Fill the measure when ye measure, and weigh with a right balance; this is meet, and best refuge.
(xi) Follow not that whereof thou hast no knowledge. Lo! the hearing and the sight and the heart - of each of these it will be asked.
(xii) And walk not in the earth exultant. Lo! thou canst not rend the earth, nor canst thou stretch to the height of the hills. The evil of all that is hateful in the sight of thy Lord. This is part of the wisdom wherewith thy Lord hath inspired thee (O Muhammad). And set not up with God any other god, lest thou be cast into hell, reproved, abandoned.

Common Themes


Prayer is a means of communicating with God; God hears prayers and grants requests according to His Will.
Faith without works is useless.
Patience and forgiveness is highly valued.
Anger and aggression is discouraged.
Humankind created in the form/likeness of God.
Human beings created to worship God and to carry out His Will.
Humans have rights (hence the prohibitions on murder, theft, lying, violence).
Parents have special rights (to be honored).
Spouses have special rights (hence adultery is forbidden).
Fornication and lewd behavior are forbidden.
Transgressions such as avarice, pride, greed, gluttony; envy, lust and sloth are all spiritual illnesses.
Suicide is forbidden.
Homosexuality is forbidden.
Intoxication is forbidden.
Interest on loans is forbidden
Societal laws must be obeyed.
Charity and relieving the suffering of others carries spiritual rewards.
Fasting and other practices for religious purposes carries spiritual rewards.
Modest dress code.
Dietary restrictions. Uzma Mazhar © 2001

Healing Voices: Passages from various religious sources

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